The Galapagos penguin is one of the smallest penguins and is the only penguin found at the equator. The heat of the equator isn't ideal for most penguins. These penguins work hard to keep cool. They spend their days in the water. An ocean current of cool water keeps their body heat down. This same ocean current also brings the needed food for them to survive.
These penguins mate for life and do not travel far from their homes on the islands. They eat small mullet, sardines, and sometimes crustaceans.
Because of their small size, they have many predators. On land, snakes and owls pose a threat. In the water, they face sharks and sea lions. Also, human presence has added more threats to these penguins. They are an endangered species.